Pour-over coffee brewing method is one of the most common brewing methods in the world which makes it almost mandatory to learn its basics. In today’s ever-changing world, it is really hard to choose which coffee maker to buy or which brewing method should you use because there are so many options that you can choose such as French press and Moka pot. However, in this article, we plan to give you a complete guide on pour-over coffee to make your job easier.
What Is Pour-Over Coffee?
Pour-over brewing method is simply pouring hot water through coffee grounds in a filter. Water drains through the coffee and filter into a carafe. It is also known as filter coffee and drip coffee.
Pour-over coffee maker actually works with a hand which makes it a manual brewing method it can sometimes be called hand brewing or manual brewing.
The pour-over technique has been used in Europe since the 1900s but it popularized with the specialty coffee movements in recent years. It is preferred by coffee aficionados because it allows you almost full control over your coffee.
Why Should You Use Pour-Over Method?
First of all, compared to other brewing methods such as French press or Moka pot, you have more control over your coffee if you use a coffee dripper, as known as the pour-over method. This control makes it popular especially in single-origin coffee lovers because it highlights the flavor and the aromas.
Another reason for you to choose the pour-over method is that it uses a coffee filter, which makes the coffee clean, clear, and consistent. The water extracts coffee oils and fragrances, and then the pour-over coffee filter catches those oils.
Because of this infusion method, using the pour-over method is more advantageous than using an immersion method such as the French press. The immersion method causes water to be saturated while pour-over uses a constant supply of fresh water.
The constant supply of fresh water leads to a faster and more efficient brew and it also helps to extract more from the coffee grounds’ surface.
What Do You Need For A Pour-Over Coffee?
Although there are brewing gadgets that you can use to make a pour-over coffee, you don’t need to buy them all. Choosing the right equipment is a perfect starting point before making a pour-over coffee.
If you have some questions regarding what is a coffee dripper or what is a brewing device, we will answer your questions immediately. A brewing device or dripper simply holds the coffee filter and coffee grounds when you make your coffee.
The popular choices are V60, Kalita Wave, and Melitta. These three are portable devices that you can put on the cup or carafe and start brewing but there are some differences among them that make them distinct. Other popular options are Chemex and Bodum pour-over with their own characteristics.
These brewing devices are very useful because they are widely available, simple to use, and have their own characteristics. What’s more, you can find many articles online regarding how to use them.
Another integral part of brewing a pour-over coffee is coffee filters. However, you don’t need to buy a coffee filter. You can make your own coffee filter at home by visiting our detailed article 10 Coffee Filter Substitutes: How to Make Coffee Without a Filter
Some brewing devices may have their own filters, for example, you can see Chemex coffee filter when you use Chemex as your brewing device.
It is up to you which coffee filter to choose but make sure that the filter you selected fits your device properly. If it is larger or smaller than your device, it can impede water flow and trap coffee grounds.
Using coffee scales may seem redundant but trust us, you won’t regret it. If you want to have a good cup of coffee, invest in a digital scale and use it when you brew your pour-over coffee. When you know how much coffee or water put in your coffee, you will have full control over your coffee.
Kettles are an important part of pour-over coffee brewing because you are using hot water when you brew pour-over coffee. Although it may seem easy to select a kettle, there are some things you should pay attention to. For example, choosing a kettle that keeps the water at a stable temperature would be the right choice because the key to good coffee is consistency. What’s more, selecting a kettle that has a long, thin gooseneck helps to control the flow of the water.
Which Brewer Is The Best?
V60 is a standard brewer for cone-shaped pour-over dripper. Its spiraled ridges inside of the cone help to get an even extracted V60 coffee. It comes in 5 different materials including glass, ceramic, plastic, copper, and steel, and 3 different sizes including 350ml, 650ml, and 1L. You can use a medium-fine grind for 400ml of coffee if you use V60.
|Doesn’t contain any paper flavor||Learning to use it might be hard|
|Helps to get an even extraction|
Chemex pour-over coffee brewer is one of the most popular brewers that you can buy today. The Chemex comes forward with its glass cone, decanter, and Chemex filters. Chemex is available in 3, 6, 8, and 10 cup sizes and detailed with a sleek glass handle or a light-colored wooden collar. You can make some Chemex coffee if you are a beginner because it is a very simple brewer.
|Thanks to the Chemex filters, coffee is light bodied and clean||Lacks full-bodied tastes|
|Slower flow rate||Very fragile|
Kalite Wave is one of the brewers that gained popularity recently and you can almost found it everywhere. It comes in 2 sizes and 3 different materials. With its ease of use and ubiquity, it can be preferred if you love pour-over coffee.
|Easy to use||Filters of it are expensive|
|Have a stainless steel version||Less dynamic than other cone-shaped counterparts|
Which Coffee Should You Use For Pour-Over Coffee?
Pour-over works well with subtle flavors and aromas so choosing lighter roasts wouldn’t be a mistake. Light roasts are known for their bright, and acidic flavors. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t use dark or medium roast. You can use them too but if you want to get the perfect results, you should use light roasts.
Pour-over coffee is an infusion method which means water and coffee grounds are in contact but not longer than they would be in an immersion method. Therefore, coffee grinds for pour-over might be a little larger than usual.
In conclusion, using medium grind size is a perfect choice if you are making a pour-over coffee. If the coffee is a little watery or sour, you can try a finer grind. On the other hand, if the coffee is bitter, you can choose coarser grinds.
What Is The Coffee To Water Ratio?
Almost every coffee lover knows that using the right coffee to water is an essential part of brewing a perfect cup of coffee. When it comes to the pour-over coffee, we recommend you use the 1:17 coffee to water ratio as a starting point. Now that you have learned what grind for pour-over coffee, you can make some changes in grinds and coffee to water ratios in order to find a perfect balance.
What Is The Best Pouring Technique?
Now that you have learned the basics of pour-over brewing, it is time to discuss which pouring technique is the best. It may seem hard to understand every pouring method but trust us, we will try to explain them as clean as possible.
The Bloom Technique
Blooming technique is the bubbling of the water that happens in your first pour which is caused by the carbon dioxide that built up in the roasting process. You may see big blooms when you use light and fresh coffee because they contain more gases.
The carbon dioxide repels water which can prevent even extraction so you can let the gases escape to get a consistent extraction.
To use the blooming technique, gently pour your water over the grounds but make sure that the water amount is twice the measure of the coffee grounds. For example, if you use 15g of coffee, you should pour 30ml of water. After pouring, wait for 30-45 seconds until the bloom is over.
Pulse Pouring And Continuous Pouring Technique
Pulse pouring is simply pouring specific amounts of water and you can experiment with the volume of water and the number of pours. When you use this technique, you are preventing the channeling. It leads coffee grounds to move by disrupting the grinds.
Continuous pouring, on the other hand, is when you pour your water at a constant flow without stopping. Its aim is to keep flow and saturation consistent thorough the brewing process.
Agitation technique means the mild disturbance of coffee grounds when you brew your coffee. You can either stir or swirl to use an agitation technique. It disperses the grounds by channeling so that there are no dry coffee grounds. It aims to achieve even extraction and saturated brew.
How To Make Pour-Over Coffee
Now that you have learned the basics, it’s time to learn how to pour-over coffee. We aim to explain everything you need to know about preparing a basic pour-over coffee. Without further ado, let’s start!
- Heat Your WaterHeat your water to 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit to prepare a good pour-over coffee. Getting the right pour-over coffee water temperature is very critical if you want to brew yourself a perfect cup of pour-over coffee.
If you don’t have a thermometer, you can wait 30 seconds after boiling your water. After waiting 30 seconds, it becomes almost 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit and you can use it for your coffee.
- Scale Your CoffeeAnother important part of preparing pour-over coffee is weighting your coffee grounds. When it comes to the question of how much coffee for pour-over, the answer is simple. Use 9-11 grams of coffee for every 171 grams cup that you brew.
- Rinse Or Wet Your Coffee FilterIf you don’t want any paper taste from your coffee filter, you can get rid of these tastes by rinsing your coffee filter. To rinse correctly, simply pour some water and make sure it rinses everywhere of the filter.
- Grind Your Coffee BeansGrinding the right size for your pour-over coffee is very important as we mentioned above. However, if you don’t have any coffee grinder, you can buy some coffee grounds.
You can use a medium-fine grind to achieve that perfect cup of pour-over coffee. If it tastes milder, grind it coarser. If you want some rich flavors, grind it finer.
- Pour The WaterNow that you have learned the pouring techniques, we think you don’t have any problems in this part. Pour your water slowly, and wait for a while. Your pour-over coffee is ready!
In this article, we tried our best to explain everything you need to know about pour-over coffee. From how to grind coffee for pour-over to which brewer you should use, we hope you don’t have any questions left in your mind. However, if you have some questions or suggestions, you can always use the comments section.
My world consists of guitar, music, and coffee. I spent years preparing coffees at home and learning more about coffee. As a result of this, I have learned so much about coffee, and in Coffee Magazine, I try my best to share my knowledge about coffee and its culture. Click here for detailed information about me.